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Types of Celes

From the Pelvic Floor Articles List

types of celesWhat are the types of “celes” and prolapses?


“Celes” are basically weaknesses in vaginal tissues and the tissues of other pelvic organs that allow other organs to protrude or bulge into the vaginal cavity. Here are the main types of “celes” and prolapses:
  • Cystocele/Anterior Wall Prolapse: Displacement of the bladder from the normal position usually bulging, sagging or falling into the front vaginal wall. Happens because of underlying weakness of fascia because of childbirth, menopause, etc.
  • Enterocele: Occurs when the muscles and tissues that hold your small bowel in place stretch or weaken, causing it to drop from its original position and herniate through your vaginal wall, creating a bulge.
  • Rectocele/Posterior Wall Prolapse: A bulge of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina. Happens primarily because of a weakening of the underlying fascia because of childbirth, menopause, chronic constipation, etc. Can cause stool to be trapped and person to have to 'splint' to have complete bowel movement.
  • Urethrocele: Less common; occurs when part of the urethra sags down into the vagina.
  • Cystourethrocele: Loss of support of both the urethra and bladder. These two conditions commonly occur together.
  • Uterine Prolapse: Uterus descends into vaginal canal; can fall outside the vagina, causing the vagina to go inside out.
  • Vaginal Vault Prolapse: Occurs post-hysterectomy; top point of the vagina descends into the vaginal canal and can protrude outside the body, causing the vagina to go inside out.

Some celes can be corrected or managed using medical devices called pessaries that help support the vaginal structure. Others, particularly those that result in actual tears, will require surgical repair. Some women require multiple cele repairs at the same time. The success rate of such surgeries is around 75%.


This content was written by staff of HysterSisters.com by non-medical professionals based on discussions, resources and input from other patients for the purpose of patient-to-patient support.

08-06-2011 - 05:46 AM


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