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Ovarian Cysts after Hysterectomy

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Ovarian Cysts after hysterectomyDoes a hysterectomy cause ovarian cysts? I never had cysts prior to my hysterectomy, but I have them now.

A hysterectomy does not directly cause ovarian cysts, but they can and do occur after a hysterectomy.

During the monthly menstrual cycle, even after a hysterectomy, a functional ovarian cyst forms on the surface of a woman’s ovary. During ovulation, the cyst opens and releases the maturing egg. If the cyst does not open to release the egg, it can fill with fluid forming a follicular cyst.

A corpus luteum cyst can occur if the egg has been released but the cyst closes again. This type of cyst often contains a small amount of blood.

Most cysts are harmless and resolve on their own, but some may cause symptoms and pain and require medical or pharmaceutical intervention. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove the cyst.

For some women, it does seem like having a hysterectomy has opened the door to ovarian cysts. There are a couple plausible explanations for why this might seem to occur.

One, the blood supply to the ovaries can be interrupted during a hysterectomy, which can cause the ovaries to malfunction. Ovary malfunction can create a hormone imbalance and, therefore, more cysts.

Two, if you used some type of hormonal treatment prior to your hysterectomy that stopped ovulation, this could have stopped the cysts from forming as well. When those hormonal treatments are discontinued after your hysterectomy, the ovaries should return to their normal cycle of ovulation and the formation of functional cysts.

In general, functional cysts should not be painful. However, there are a variety of cysts, so talk to your doctor if you experience symptoms such as pelvic fullness, pressure, or discomfort. Other symptoms of an ovarian cyst can include sudden sharp pain accompanied by nausea and pain with intercourse.

The earlier the cyst is found, the less invasive the treatment might be and the higher the chance of a complete recovery.

This content was written by staff of HysterSisters.com by non-medical professionals based on discussions, resources and input from other patients for the purpose of patient-to-patient support.

08-09-2011 - 07:05 PM


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