Interstitial Cystitis (IC), also known as Painful Bladder Syndrome (PBS), is a condition with unknown origins. It can cause multiple symptoms including painful urination, frequent urination, discomfort or pain to the bladder and surrounding organs, tenderness, and pressure. There is some belief it could occur following a trauma (such as a gynecological surgery), infection, or damage to the bladder. Other theories consider hereditary connections, autoimmune disease, inflammation concerns, or epithelial links. Because so many women with endometriosis are being diagnosed with IC, it is sometimes referred to as the “Evil Twin of Endometriosis.”
Regardless of its cause, those suffering with IC/PBS know that it can be very painful and disruptive. Frequent trips to the bathroom along with chronic lower pelvic pain and discomfort can leave one feeling frustrated, tired, and overwhelmed. Having these symptoms on top of endometriosis can be especially difficult.