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Medical Terminology for Hysterectomy

From the Hysterectomy Recovery Articles List

Medical Terminology for hysterectomyI need help deciphering the meaning of much of the terminology used in pathology and surgical reports. Any suggestions?


Here are some of the more commonly used terms along with information on the different sections of the report:

A typical laboratory report is divided into several sections:

The Diagnosis:

This usually appears with the body site, surgical procedure, and final diagnosis. Examples include biopsy, excision, and resection.

The Gross Description:

This describes the actual appearance of the tissue specimen as viewed by the pathologist. This may be where the pathologist has dictated his/her summary of the tissue. It also includes the measurements and weights of organs that were sent for review.

The Microscopic Description:

This section describes what was viewed under the microscope. This is generally where the more technical language begins—when you start to feel like you're reading a foreign language.
  • Acute: Relatively serious and severe; having a brief course
  • Adenocarcinoma: Malignant tumor arising in glandular epithelium
  • Adenoma: Benign tumor arising in glandular epithelium
  • Adhesion: Scar tissue joining two parts usually separate
  • Atypia: A general term describing cells that vary in appearance from the normal cell
  • Benign: Not malignant
  • Cyst: Sac containing usually a fluid or semisolid material
  • Differentiation: Describes the degree or extent that cancer cells resemble normal cells
  • Dysplasia: Disorderly but non-cancerous growth
  • Endometrium: The uterine lining; the cells that line the uterus
  • Epithelium, Epithelial: A specialized lining cell of organs
  • Fibroid: Term for uterine fibroleiomyoma
  • Hemorrhage: Rupture of blood vessels leading to blood within tissue
  • Hyperplasia: Increase in size of a part due to increase of number of units
  • Lesion: Characteristic change in organism produced by disease
  • Necrosis or Necrotic: Cell death
  • Stroma: General term to describe the connective tissue supporting matrix

There are a variety of online medical dictionaries that should be able to help you translate as well.



This content was written by staff of HysterSisters.com by non-medical professionals based on discussions, resources and input from other patients for the purpose of patient-to-patient support.

07-19-2013 - 02:55 PM


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