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Parts of the Uterus

From the Pre-Op Hysterectomy Articles List

What are the different parts of the uterus?


The uterus is a hollow, inverted-pear-shaped organ about the size of your fist. It is made up of several distinctive parts and layers. Knowing more about the various aspects of your uterus can help you better understand any health issues related to it.

The uterus typically tilts forward at about a 90 degree angle to the vagina. It lies behind the bladder and in front of the bowel. As a result, issues that cause the uterus to enlarge or move can lead to issues with the bowel and/or bladder as well.Parts of Uterus

The bottom, or neck, of the uterus is known as the cervix. This is the narrowest portion of the uterus, which connects to the vagina.

The main body of the uterus is known as the corpus. This portion includes the hollow, or cavity, of the uterus. The cavity may also be referred to as the lumen.

The top portion of the corpus is known as the fundus. This large, curved portion is where the fallopian tubes connect to the uterus.

The uterus is also made up of three layers: the endometrium, myometrium, and perimetrium or serosa.

The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus and is sometimes referred to as the endometrial lining. This layer thickens in response to hormones and sheds each month during the menstrual period.

The myometrium is the muscular wall of the uterus. This middle layer is primarily made up of smooth muscle cells and makes up the largest volume of the uterus.

The perimetrium or serosa is the outer layer of the uterus. This thin layer encompasses the entire uterus.


This content was written by staff of HysterSisters.com by non-medical professionals based on discussions, resources and input from other patients for the purpose of patient-to-patient support.

02-22-2014 - 08:02 PM


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